Guatemala is a country in Central America and has an estimated population of 15,806,675, making it the most populous state in Central America. Its capital is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
The former Mayan civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization, which continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish. They had lived in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, the southern part of Mexico and eastern parts of El Salvador.
The country is mountainous with small desert and sand dune patches, hilly valleys, except for the south coastal area and the vast northern lowlands of Peten department. Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands, where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast, south of the mountains and the Peten region, north of the mountains. These three regions vary in climate, elevation, and landscape, providing dramatic contrasts between hot, humid tropical lowlands and the colder highlands . Although Spanish is the official language twenty-one Mayan languages are spoken, especially in rural areas, as well as two non- Mayan languages, Xinca and Garifuna.
Travelers often ask what is the best time to visit Guatemala, but in fact there is no “best” time. The weather is agreeable year round, temperature variation is small compared to other parts of the world, and the rainy season imposes very few restrictions on the tours and activities you can do.